What are policies?
Policies are part and parcel of almost all the countries across the globe. India is one of the countries which has been working on a number of education policies since long. A policy is a deliberate system of principles to guide decisions and achieve rational outcomes. In short, it is a statement of intent, and is implemented as a procedure or protocol.
Who makes the education policies in India?
Apart from Union Education Minister, all states are free to initiate more education policies. The Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE) is the highest advisory body to advise the Central and State Governments.From the ‘No Detension Policy’ to a barrage of new education policies, here’s a look at integral policies related to education that were introduced this year:
1. HRD Ministry launches digital payment campaign
In the wake of demonetisation, Union HRD Minister, Prakash Javadekar launched a cashless payment drive across the centrally aided institutions and proclaimed the benefits of digital payment in the wake of demonetisation.
2. No detention policy to end for Class 5 and 8
The Human Resource Ministry has decided to revise the old policy that promoted all the students from Class 5 and 8. Now, under the new policy, it will be mandatory for all students of classes 5 and 8 to clear the examination so as to get into next class. As per the RTE (Right To Education) Act, on April 1, 2010, this policy was enforced with the motive of providing education to each and every child between the age of 6 and 14.
3. No varsity can deny admission to student till final degree is issued
Delhi High Court marked a decision that provisional certificate issued by a varsity works valid till a degree is issued, so no university can deny admission if a student cannot submit his previous degree.
4. Male students can now file sexual harassment complaints
As per new UGC regulation, male students can now file sexual harassment cases against men, women and transgenders. The UGC (Prevention, prohibition and redressal of sexual harassment of women employees and students in higher educational institutions) regulations notified in May says that sexual harassment is gender neutral and institutions should take action on complaints of employees and students of all sexes.
5. Telengana makes gender education compulsory at graduation level
Telengana has become the first Indian state to make gender education compulsory at the graduate level, and has introduced a bilingual textbook, Towards a World of Equals in engineering colleges affiliated to the Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University (JNTU-Hyderabad).
6. ICSE, ISC schools to now have mandatory yoga classes
All ICSE and ISC schools have been directed by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) to ensure that students get regular yoga training.
7. Students not allowed to pursue two regular degrees together
UGC gave a declaration saying, “It had sought the comments of statutory councils but the responses so far do not endorse the idea of allowing students to pursue two degrees simultaneously.” According to the notice signed by UGC Secretary, Jaspal S Sandhu said, “Therefore, the Universities shall conduct their programmes in accordance with the First Degree and Master Degree Regulations, 2003 prescribed by the UGC and also follow the norms and parameters prescribed by the Statutory Council concerned, wherever relevant.”
8. Free higher education for the poor: Assam government breaks ground
Assam government announced free higher secondary, three-year degree and polytechnic diploma courses for students who can’t afford them.
9. Haryana board makes Aadhaar card mandatory for board exams 2017
Haryana Board of School Education (HBSE) made Aadhaar card compulsory for giving board examination. The board will make this mandatory in 2017.
10. Guwahati government announces education facilities for students with disabilities
Specially-abled students in Guwahati will soon be relieved from paying their college and school fees, as the state government has announced a scheme of free education to these students from Class 9 till the university level. It will include government-run institutes of higher education including professional colleges of engineering, medical, and polytechnic.
11. Govt school teachers to be sent abroad for training: Education Minister
Delhi government announced that school teachers and principals would be sent to reputed foreign institutions to undergo training. “Principals and teachers in Delhi government schools will also get to undergo training akin to the way teachers in the best schools of the world are trained. For this, they can be sent to foreign universities, they can be sent to IITs, IIMs teachers’ training will be done in the best institutions in the world, so that they also feel that their training is being invested in,” said Education Minister Manish Sisodia, according to an Indian Express report.
12. Online facility begins for medical college applications
Union health ministry on Monday, March 21 launched an online procedure of receiving application from medical colleges desirous to start post-graduation courses or increase seats in existing ones.
13. Himachal Pradesh CM launches Rajiv Gandhi Digital Student Yojna: Laptops distributed to toppers
Himachal Pradesh Chief Minister Virbhadra Singh launched the ‘Rajiv Gandhi Digital Student Yojna’ in the Sundernagar town in Mandi district on May 1. As many as 86 students who have obtained distinction in Classes 10 and 12 examinations, were given laptop computers by the CM.
14. Sanskrit, Indian languages to get a boost under New Education Policy, says Prakash Javadekar
Sanskrit was given a place in the New Education Policy– “The policy of the Indian government is that there should be development of all Indian languages. Sometimes I feel, that more than the British, we have anglicised our country in the last 50-60 years. However, English too is a good language,” said the Education Minister.